Please note: We provide this for informational purposes only. We do not provide tax advice.
SEP and SIMPLE IRA contributions are reported on IRS Form 5498 in the year the contribution occurs.
IRA contributions we receive are designated as current year IRA contributions by default. If your client sends us a contribution check between January 1 and the U.S. Federal tax filing deadline for natural persons (generally April 15th), your client can designate those contributions as prior year contributions for other types of IRAs, by following the steps below.
If your client wishes to make a prior year contribution, please do the following:
You can open an IRA for a client for the prior year from January 1 through the time that the client files their U.S. Federal Tax return, or the deadline for filing U.S. Federal tax filing deadline for that year, which is generally April 15th.
Roth conversions are processed by completing an IRA Distribution Form.
To open a Beneficiary IRA:
Beneficiary IRAs are only allowed to hold IRA funds/assets inherited from a deceased person’s IRA or a retirement account on which your client is listed as a beneficiary.
Requests for IRA distributions directly to clients are made online from the Withdrawal Request portion of the Transfer Money page. This page will direct users to the IRA Distribution form for certain withdrawal types that are not available online.
A recharacterization occurs when your client contributes or converts funds into one IRA account type (Roth for example) and later wished to change the contribution or conversion to another IRA account type.
An IRA recharacterization can apply to the following:
Recharacterizations can currently only be submitted to us using the IRA Distribution form. To recharacterize an IRA contribution, please complete the IRA Distribution Form and choose the recharacterization option under Part 2: Reason for Withdrawal.
An excess contribution is any amount contributed to your client’s IRA that is greater than their annual maximum allowable contribution limit. Please review the IRS IRA Contribution Limits for more information. Excess contributions can also occur for Beneficiary IRA holders who make contributions to their Beneficiary IRA or because of invalid rollovers. Please see IRS IRA FAQs for more detailed information.
Tax penalties are assessed by the IRS if excess contributions are not withdrawn by the tax filing due date.
To correct an excess IRA contribution for your client, you must withdraw the excess amount and any earnings attributable to the excess amount from the IRA by the owner’s tax filing deadline. Earnings attributable to the excess contribution amount may be subject to a 10% early withdrawal penalty if your client is under 59½ years old.
To withdraw excess contributions, complete the IRA Distribution Form.
For additional information on how to correct excess contributions, please refer to IRS Publication 590: Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRA).